PA State Archives Hours, Directions, & Fees Research Topics Online Catalog Land Records




Manuscript Group 19
16 cu. ft.

These papers fall in the shadowy dividing line between public records and private papers. They came into the possession of the Commonwealth by sequestration in legal proceedings to settle the accounts and land transactions of Peter Baynton, state treasurer, 1797-1801. It would be possible, therefore, to classify them as public records. With the Baynton, Wharton, and Morgan Papers proper, which extend from 1757 to 1787, the State Archives also has the related Peter Baynton Papers, 1725-45, and Baynton Family Papers, 1770-1827. The three groups are placed together under the collective title of Sequestered Baynton, Wharton, and Morgan Papers.

The Baynton, Wharton, and Morgan Papers proper are the correspondence and business papers of a famous trading house of colonial Philadelphia which began about 1757 as Baynton and Wharton, a partnership of John Baynton and Samuel Wharton. Since the firm was involved in trade with other colonies, with Europe, with the West Indies, and-increasingly-with Indians and settlers in the western country, its papers are rich in information on the movements of trade in the years between the French and Indian War and the American Revolution, on the early development of the Illinois country, on the fur trade, on the supply of provisions for military posts, and generally on the role of this Philadelphia business establishment in western expansion.

I. Peter Baynton Papers, 1725-45

II. Baynton, Wharton, and Morgan Papers, 1746 (1757-1787)-1787

  • Letter Books, 1757-75
  • General Correspondence, 1758-1787
  • Business Accounts, 1746-1776

    III. Baynton Family Papers, 1770-1827

  • General Correspondence, 1770-1807
  • Accounts, 1777-1827
  • See: Guide to the Microfilm of the Baynton, Wharton, and Morgan Papers (Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1967).

    PA State Archives Hours, Directions, & Fees Research Topics Online Catalog Land Records