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Manuscript Group 192
PAUL A. W. WALLACE PAPERS
1931-1967
30.5 cu. ft.


A noted anrthropologist, historian, and folklorist, Dr. Paul A. W. Wallace (b. 1891, d. 1967) earned national recognition for his studies of both Pennslvania German culture and the Indians of Pennsylvania, New York, and Canada. Born in Toronto, Wallace conducted extensive ethnographic fieldwork among the Iroquois and Huron tribes at the Six Nations Reserve in Brantford, Ontario, as well as in other Indian communities located in Canada and western New York. After developing a close friendship with Aren Akweks (Ray Fadden) of the Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization, Wallace was adopted into the Mohawk Nation on July 15, 1949, taking the name Tor-ri-wa-wa-kon ("holding a message"). He served for many years as chairman of the Department of English, Lebanon Valley College; editor of Pennsylvania History, quarterly journal of the Pennsylvania Historical Association, 1951-1957; consultant to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1951-1957; and historian on the staff of the Historical and Museum Commission, 1957-1965. His numerous publications include Conrad Weiser, 1696-1760, Friend of Colonist and Mohawk (Philadelphia, 1945); The White Roots of Peace: The Muhlenbergs of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1950); Indian Paths of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1952 and subsequent editions); Thirty Thousand Miles with John Heckewelder (Pittsburgh, 1958); and Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1961).

The Paul A. W. Wallace Papers consist of research notes, manuscripts, annotated books and articles, newspaper clippings, photographs and extensive correspondence files relating to Wallace's professional career. They compliment the 6.5 linear feet of the Paul A. W. Wallace Papers (1754-1966) that are part of the more extensive Wallace Family Papers (APS Manuscript Collection 64) held by the American Philosophical Society. For related types of materials on Pennsylvania Indians at the Pennsylvania State Archives see also the Merle H. Deardorff Collection (Manuscript Group 220) and the Donal H. Kent Collection (Manuscript Group 395).



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